Categories of Sharia Law

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Understanding the Threat
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John Guandolo is an expert in counterterrorism, security operations, and international security consulting with over two decades of experience in the public and private sectors. A retired marine and special agent for the FBI, John Guandolo also developed a training program for the FBI that focuses on threats from the Muslim Brotherhood and sharia law, which was the first of its kind at the bureau.

Sharia law is an Islamic moral code and set of religious laws. An Arabic word meaning “path to be followed,” sharia stems from the Islamic holy book the Quran and the teachings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Sharia includes components on beliefs, character, and actions, which include legal injunctions.

Classical sharia systems are practiced in countries such as Egypt, Afghanistan, and Iraq, where sharia law has an official status and covers most components of the legal system. Mixed systems have less sharia influence on the broad legal system and primarily cover family law. Countries that practice mixed sharia include Morocco, Lebanon, and Syria. Other Muslim countries such as Albania and Turkey have secular systems in which sharia yields no influence over the legal system.